NorCal Dental Spa | Dentist Carmichael, CA

Periodontal Disease
vs. Healthy Gums

Healthy gums are generally pink and anchor the teeth firmly in place. Healthy gums do not bleed or hurt during normal brushing and flossing.

Early forms of gum disease can easily be treated and reversed with daily brushing and flossing and dental checkups every 6 months. NorCal Dental Spa can get you on your way to healthy gums. All you need to do is call (916) 863-1854 or request an appointment online and come in for a visit. Your gums will be glad you did!

Healthy Gums

About Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums, which gradually leads to the destruction of the support of your natural teeth. This disease affects more than 80% of Americans by the age of 45.

Dental plaque is the primary cause of gum disease. Bacteria found in plaque produce enzymes and toxins which injure the gums. Injured gums turn red, swell and bleed easily.

If this injury is prolonged, the gums separate from the teeth, causing pockets (spaces) to form.

Plaque can also harden into a rough, porous substance known as calculus (tartar).

This can occur both above and below the gum line. As periodontal disease progresses, the supporting gum tissue and bone that holds the teeth in place deteriorate.

If left untreated, this leads to tooth loss. Pain is usually not present until damage from this disease is very advanced.

Causes of Gum Disease

Our mouths are full of bacteria from the foods we eat. This bacteria constantly builds-up throughout the day and becomes the sticky, colorless substance on our teeth we call "plaque."

If plaque is allowed to stay on the surface of your teeth for extended periods of time, it begins to harden into "tartar." Removing plaque from daily brushing will help prevent tartar from forming. Tartar is much more difficult to remove and allows the bacteria within to eat away at the surrounding tooth and gum tissues.

As bacteria that's allowed to sit along the gumline continues, it causes the gums to become inflamed and turn red. This is known as "gingivitis" and if left untreated, it can advance to "periodontitis," which is an inflammation around the tooth that starts to affect the bony tooth-support.

At this point, gums pull away from the tooth and form "pockets" that become infected. Plaque and tartar spread and grow below the gum line and break down the bone and connective tissue. If this cycle is left untreated, it will typically progress to the point where the tooth needs to be removed.

Daily brushing and flossing as well as regular visits to the dentist help keep plaque and tartar from causing issues associated from gingivitis and periodontitis.