The statistics are true; nearly half the adult population has some form of periodontal (gum) disease. When mild, you may not notice the issues compounding within your smile. When moderate to severe, you may think there’s no hope. In either case, Dr. Kalia and her team at NorCal Dental Spa focus on treating and helping you prevent gum disease with regular maintenance cleanings (periodontal cleanings).
Gingivitis is an early stage of gum disease. Gingivitis develops as toxins, enzymes and other plaque byproducts irritate the gums(gingiva), making them tender, swollen and more likely to bleed. Gingivitis generally can be stopped with good oral hygiene practices at home and regular cleanings from your dentist or dentist hygienist.
Moderate gum disease is when the tooth's bone tissue starts to deteriorate. Periodontitis occurs when plaque byproducts destroy the tissues that anchor your teeth in the bone. The gums(gingiva) deteriorate and begin to detach themselves from the teeth forming pockets, which allows more plaque to collect below the gum line. This causes the roots of the teeth to become susceptible to decay. Generally, patients notice an increase in sensitivity to hot and cold and to touch.
Advanced periodontitis occurs when continued irritation and infection of the gum(gingiva) damages periodontal ligaments and destroys the bone supporting your teeth. Periodontitis can cause teeth to loosen. Some teeth can not be saved and must be extracted. If left untreated, periodontitis can cause severe health problems elsewhere in the body.